The necessity of automation parts in every manufacturing industries is increasing. Industrial robots have replaced people in numerous types of industries. Robots out perform humans in jobs which require precision, speed, endurance and reliability. Robots safely perform dirty and dangerous jobs. Traditional manufacturing robotic applications include material handling (pick and put), assembling, painting, welding, packaging, palletizing, product inspection and testing. Industrial robots are being used in the diverse variety of industries including automotive, electronics, medical, food production, biotech, pharmaceutical and machinery.
The ISO concept of a manipulating industrial robot is “an automatically controlled, reprogrammable, multipurpose manipulator”. Based on the definition it can be fixed in position or mobile to use in industrial automation applications. These industrial robots are programmable in three or maybe more axes. They may be multi-functional items that can be custom-built and programmed to carry out a assortment of operations.
The main advantages of industrial robots is that they could be programmed to suit industry specific requirements and might work continuously for a long time, consistently meeting high manufacturing quality standards. The economic life span of your industrial robot is around 12-16 years. Due to their persistent accuracy industrial robots are getting to be an indispensable a part of manufacturing.
Industrial robots are classified into different categories based upon their mechanical structure. The most important groups of industrial robots are:
Gantry (Cartesian) Robot: They are stationary robots having three components of motion. They work from an overhead grid using a rectangular work envelope. They can be mainly used to perform ‘pick and place’ actions. Gantry robots have all their axes above the work causing them to be also well suited for dispensing applications.
SCARA Robots: (Selectively Compliant Articulated Robot Arm) These robots have 4 axes of motion. They move in an x-y-z coordinated circular work envelope. One can use them for proximity sensor requiring pick and set work, application and assembly operations and handling machine tools.
Articulated robots: An articulated robot has rotary joints. It might have from two to ten or even more interactive joints. Articulated robots are suitable for welding, painting and assembly.
Basic industrial robot designs may be customized with incorporating different peripherals. End effectors, optical systems, and motion controllers are necessary add-ons. End effectors are definitely the end-of-arm-tooling (EOAT) attached to robotic arms. Grippers or wrenches that are used to move or assemble parts are types of end effectors. End effectors are hc03bt and accustomed to sense and communicate with the external environment. The conclusion effectors’ design depends on the application form requirements of the specific industry. Machine Vision systems are robotic optical systems. They can be built-on digital input/output devices and computer networks used to control other hc103bt-sz including robotic arms. Machine vision can be used for the inspection of manufactured goods for example semiconductor chips. Motion controllers are widely used to move robots and position stages smoothly and accurately with sub-micron repeatability.