Otolaryngology (pronounced oh/toe/lair/in/goll/oh/jee) is definitely the oldest medical specialty in the states. Otolaryngologists are physicians trained inside the medical and surgical management and treatment of patients with diseases and disorders from the ear, nose, throat (ENT), and related structures in the head and neck. They are typically called ENT physicians.
Otolaryngologists diagnose and manage diseases in the ears, nose, sinuses, larynx (voice box), mouth, and throat, and also structures of your neck and face.
Loss of hearing affects one in ten North Americans. The unique domain of otolaryngologists is the management of ear disorders. They may be trained in both the medical and surgical treatment of hearing difficulties, ear infections, balance disorders, ear noise (tinnitus), plus some cranial nerve disorders. Otolaryngologists also manage congenital (birth) disorders of your outer and inner ear.
About 35 million people develop chronic sinusitis each and every year, making it one of the most common health complaints in the united states. Care of the nasal cavity and sinuses is probably the primary skills of otolaryngology los angeles. Problems from the nasal area include allergies, smell disorders, polyps, and nasal obstruction as a result of deviated septum.
Communicating (speech and singing) and eating a meal all involve this vital area. Specific to otolaryngologists is knowledge of managing diseases of the throat, larynx (voice box), and also the upper aero-digestive system or esophagus, including voice and swallowing disorders.
The pinnacle and neck?
This portion of the body includes the main functions of sight, smell, hearing, and the appearance of your face. Inside the head and neck area, otolaryngologists are qualified to treat infections, benign (non-cancerous) and malignant (cancerous) tumors, facial trauma, and deformities of your face. They perform both cosmetic plastic and reconstructive surgery.
Otolaryngologists are prepared to start practicing after completing around 15 years of college and post-graduate training. To qualify for certification by the American Board of Otolaryngology, an applicant must first complete college (four years), medical school (four years), as well as least 5 years of specialty training. Next, the physician must pass the American Board of Otolaryngology examination. Moreover, some otolaryngologists pursue a one- or two- year fellowship for additional extensive training in among eight subspecialty areas.
These subspecialty areas are allergy, facial plastic and reconstructive surgery, head and neck, laryngology (throat), otology/neurotology (ears, balance, and tinnitus), pediatric otolaryngology (children), rhinology (nose), and sleep disorders. Some otolaryngologists limit their practices to one of these simple eight areas.
What are the seven areas of expertise in otolaryngology?
Allergy: treatment by medication, immunotherapy (allergy shots) and avoidance of pollen, dust, mold, food, and other sensitivities which affect the ear, nose, and throat.
Treating: hay fever, seasonal and perennial rhinitis, chronic sinusitis, laryngitis, sore throat, otitis media, dizziness
Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: cosmetic, functional, and reconstructive surgical procedures of abnormalities from the neck and face and ear.
Treating: deviated septum, rhinoplasty (nose), face lift, cleft palate, drooping eyelids, hair thinning along with other ear deformities.
Head and Neck: cancerous and noncancerous tumors within the head and neck (nose/sinuses, mouth, throat, voice box and upper esophagus), such as the thyroid and parathyroid.
Treating: lump in the neck or thyroid, cancer of the voice box.
Laryngology: disorders from the throat, including voice and swallowing problems.
Treating: sore throat, hoarseness, swallowing disorder, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), infections and tumors.
Otology/Neurotology: diseases from the ear, including trauma (injury), infection, benign tumors, and nerve pathway disorders, which affect hearing and balance.
Treating: ear infection; swimmer?s ear; hearing problems; ear, face, or neck pain; dizziness, ringing within the ears (tinnitus).
Pediatric Otolaryngology: diseases in children with special ENT problems including birth defects in the head and neck and developmental delays.
Treating: ear infection (otitis media), tonsil and adenoid infection, airway problems, asthma and allergy/sinus disease, neck tumors.
Rhinology: disorders from the nose and sinuses.
Treating: sinus disorder, nose bleed, stuffy nose, reduction in smell, polyps, tumors.
These specialists differ from many physicians in they are trained in both medicine and surgery. Otolaryngologists do not need to refer patients with other physicians when ear, nose, throat, or head/neck surgery is needed and, therefore, will offer the best maintain every person patient. Otolaryngologists are the most appropriate physicians to treat disorders in the ears, nose, throat, and related structures from the head and neck.